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 01 LINGUISTICS

  1. Because everyone is capable of learning to speak and understand language, it may seem to be simple.
  2. It is wrong, however, to exaggerate the similarity between language and other cognitive skills, because language stands apart in several ways.
  3. By contrast, not everyone becomes proficient at complex mathematical reasoning, few people learn to paint well, and many people cannot carry a tune.
  4. For one thing, the use of language is universal-all normally developing children learn to speak at least one language, and many learn more than one.
  5. But just the opposite is true-language is one of the most complex of all human cognitive abilities.

 

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 24315

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02 A MAP IN THE TICKET HALL

  1. But this map has always fascinated me, and still does, even though it now seems very primitive.
  2. This is because it chops the world up equally by longitude, without regard the reality of either political divisions or the changing seasons.
  3. This is somewhat surprising given the London Underground’s historic difficultly in grasping the concept of punctuality.
  4. For as long as I can remember, there has been a map in the ticket hall of Piccadilly Circus tube station supposedly showing night and day across the time zones of the world.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 4312

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03 ENGINEERS

  1. Engineers are much needed to develop greener technologies, he says.
  2. “The energy sector has a fantastic skills shortage at all levels, both now and looming over it for the next 10 years,” he says.
  3. With the pressures of climate change and the energy gap, in the last few years funding from the research councils has probably doubled.”
  4. “Not only are there some good career opportunities, but there’s a lot of money going into the research side, too.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 1243

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04 Arun Maria Boston Consulting

  • Innovation in India is as much due to entrepreneurialism as it is to IT skills, says Arun Maria, chairman of Boston Consulting Group in India.
  • Indian businessmen have used IT to create new business models that enable them to provide services in a more cost-effective way. This is not something that necessarily requires expensive technical research.
  • He suggests the country’s computer services industry can simply outsource research to foreign universities if the capability is not available locally.
  • “This way, I will have access to the best scientists in the world without having to produce them myself,” says Mr. Maria.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 1234

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05

  1. After finishing first in his pilot training class, Lindbergh took his first job as the chief pilot of an airmail route operated by Robertson Aircraft Co. of Lambert Field in St. Louis, Missouri.
  2. He flew the mail in a de Havilland DH-4 biplane to Springfield, Peoria and Chicago, Illinois.
  3. After a crash, he even salvaged stashes of mail from his burning aircraft and immediately phoned Alexander Varney, Peoria’s airport manager, to advise him to send a truck.
  4. During his tenure on the mail route, he was renowned for delivering the mail under any circumstances.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 1243

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06 Fibres

  1. He say that because they are biodegradable they might be used in biomedical applications such as surgical sutures
  2. The fibres are as strong and soft as wool and silk, but up to 30 times cheaper.
  3. Fibres suitable for clothing have been made for the first time from the wheat protein gluten.
  4. Narenda Reddy and Yiqi Yang, who produced the fibres at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 3241

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07 Web Security

  1. Over the past year, a series of privacy gaffes and government attempts to gain access to internet users’ online histories have, along with consolidation among online search and advertising groups, thrust the issue of internet privacy into the spotlight.
  2. That may be changing.
  3. In the lobby of Google’s headquarters in Mountain View, California, computer screens display lists of the words being entered into the company’s search engine.
  4. This presents a challenge to Google and other internet search companies, which have built a multi-billion dollar industry out of targeted advertising based on the information users reveal about themselves online.
  5. Although Google says the system is designed to filter out any scandalous or potentially compromising queries, the fact that even a fraction of searches can be seen by visitors to the world’s biggest search company is likely to come as a shock to internet users who think of web browsing as a private affair.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 35214

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08 Technology Pros and Cons

  1. But we cannot deny the benefits of science and technology;
  2. Technology has drawbacks but also benefits;
  3. For example, mobile phone;
  4. Someone driving a car and calling, causing an accident or hazard;

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 2341

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09 Sepahu in Peru

  1. Sepahua, a ramshackle town on the edge of Peru’s Amazon jungle, nestles in a pocket on the map where a river of the same name flows into the Urubamba.
  2. Instead, it auctioned
  3. That pocket denotes a tiny patch of legally loggable land sandwiched between four natural reserves, all rich in mahogany and accessible from the town.
  4. In 2001 the government egged on by WWF, a green group, tried to regulate logging in the relatively small part of the Peruvian Amazon where this is allowed.
  5. It abolished the previous system of annual contracts.

”ANSWER”

ANSWER: 13452

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10 Carbon Detox

  1. We should emphasize the old-fashioned virtues of uniting in the face of a crisis, of resourcefulness and community action.
  2. Of the narratives that might penetrate these circles, we are more likely to listen to those which offer us some reward.
  3. In his fascinating book Carbon Detox, George Marshall argues that people are not persuaded by information.
  4. Our views are formed by the views of the people with whom we mix.
  5. He proposes that instead of arguing for sacrifice, environmentalists should show where the rewards might lie.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 34251

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11

  1. Larson and colleagues from the University of Minnesota undertook the study to examine whether or not teens in the state were increasing their intake of fruits and vegetables. The study gathered information about fruit and vegetable intake among 944 boys and
  2. Fruit and vegetable intake is important for the prevention of future chronic disease. So it’s important to know whether intakes of teens are approaching national objectives for fruit and vegetable consumption.
  3. Ultimately, Teens in middle adolescence are eating fewer fruits and vegetables than in
  4. This is giving us the message that we need new and enhanced efforts to increase fruit and vegetable intake that we haven’t been doing in the past.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 2134

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12

  1. This is because they do not really pay attention to their daily spending, and has poured their spending on buying.
  2. Although they can have student loan, people should… )giving suggestion)
  3. This will lead to them paying piling credit card loan and monthly payments.
  4. Many people face serious financial crisis when they are only

”ANSWER”

Answer: 4132

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13 Railway Development

  1. The railway can save time and money.
  2. Later on, someone invented a new wagon.
  3. The railway is a good invention, but there is only wood railway on the beginning.
  4. With the industrial development, steel railway was invented in the year***, which then replaced wood railway

”ANSWER”

Answer: 3124

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14 The hypothesis

  1. The lesson is that all data must be handled in the same way.
  2. Ideally, the experimenter is open to the possibility that the hypothesis is correct or incorrect.
  3. There are numerous examples of this, dating from the Greek philosophers to the present day. One common mistake is to ignore or rule out data which do not support the hypothesis.
  4. Sometimes, however, a scientist may have a strong belief that the hypothesis is true (or false), or feels internal or external pressure to get a specific result.
  5. In that case, there may be a psychological tendency to find “something wrong”, such as systematic effects, with data which do not support the scientist’s expectations, while data which do agree with those expectations may not be checked as carefully.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 32451

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15 Australia’s Immigration Policy

  1. With the election of a new administration, all refugees were subject to detention while waiting for a decision on their application.
  2. Australia used to have a generous immigration policy for refugees fleeing violence and conflict.
  3. The rate of refugee arrivals has indeed slowed; but, as some argue, at the expense of our human rights reputation.
  4. We took even more than our share of refugees on a population-weighted basic.
  5. At the same time, a raft of changes was introduced to alter Australia’s migration law and policy.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 24153

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16 Ocean Floors

  1. Numerous other major irregularities diversify the Atlantic floor.
  2. Closely spaced surroundings show that many parts of the ocean floors are as rugged as mountainous regions of the continents.
  3. The topography of the ocean floors is none too well known, since in great areas, the available surroundings are hundreds or even thousands of miles apart.
  4. However, the floor of Atlantic is becoming fairly well known as a result of special surveys since
  5. A broad, well-defined ridge – the Mid-Atlantic ridge – runs north and south between Africa and the two Americas.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 34512

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17

  1. I have over and over again introduced ants from one my nets into another nest of the same species, and they were invariably attacked, seized by a leg or an antenna, and dragged out.
  2. It is evident, therefore, that the ants of each community all recognize one another, which is very remarkable.
  3. The communities of ants are sometimes very large, numbering even to
  4. And it is a lesson to us that no one has ever yet seen quarrel between any two ants belonging to the same community.
  5. However, they are in hostility not only with most other insects, including ants of different species, but even with those of the same species if belonging to different communities.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 34512

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18 The Highway Code

  1. In language learning, there is a distinction between ?competence? and ?performance?. Competence is a state of the speaker’s mind – what he or she knows.
  2. An analogy can be made to the Highway Code for driving. Drivers know the Code and have indeed been tested on it to obtain a driving license.
  3. In actual driving, however, the driver has to relate the Code to a continuous flow of changing circumstances, and may even break it from time to time.
  4. Separate from actual performance – what he or she does while producing or comprehending language. In other words, competence is put to use through performance.
  5. Knowing the Highway Code is not the same as driving.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 14235

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19 A German sociologist

  1. This site contains a comprehensive listing of the works of Norbert Elias, a German sociologist.
  2. The material has been catalogued, cross-referenced and organized by date.
  3. The site lists not only his published books and articles but also manuscripts and oral communications, in a variety of media and including reprints and translations.
  4. There is, however, no search facility.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 1324

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20 The destruction of the forests

  1. The timbers are used for building houses, making furniture, and providing pulp for paper products, such as newspapers and magazines.
  2. The earth is losing its forests. Presently, trees cover about 30 percent of the earth’s surface, but they are being destroyed at an alarming rate, especially in the tropics.
  3. At least 40 hectares of rainforest are being felled every minute, mostly in order to extract the valuable timber.
  4. Timber harvesting is a major reason for the destruction of the forests.
  5. Another way that man is destroying the world’s forests is by burning them down. In the Amazon, for example, rainforests are being burnt down at a rate of 20 hectares a minutes.

”ANSWER”

Answer: 24135

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